Backup with rdiff-backup

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rdiff-backup backs up one directory to another, possibly over a network. The target directory ends up a copy of the source directory, but extra reverse diffs are stored in a special subdirectory of that target directory, so you can still recover files lost some time ago. The idea is to combine the best features of a mirror and an incremental backup. rdiff-backup also preserves subdirectories, hard links, dev files, permissions, uid/gid ownership, modification times, extended attributes, acls, and resource forks. Also, rdiff-backup can operate in a bandwidth efficient manner over a pipe, like rsync. Thus you can use rdiff-backup and ssh to securely back a hard drive up to a remote location, and only the differences will be transmitted.


Nota clasica.png rdiff-backup from Debian throws a warning due to a deprecated method [os.popen2 is deprecated], which can be hidden following the steps at How to shut up Python deprecation warnings.


Nota clasica.png If you need to backup to CIFS (SMB, Samba) or Mac's HFS, please take a look at rdiff-backup FAQ.


Nota idea.png See also Backup restoring.

More info about rdiff-backup:

Remote backup with rdiff-backup

#!/bin/bash
#
## BEGIN CONFIG ##
HOST=$(uname -n)
FILES="/home/openkm"
BACKUP_DIR="/mnt/backup"
## END CONFIG ##
echo -e "### BEGIN: $(date +"%x %X") ###\n"
 
# Stop JBoss
/etc/init.d/jboss stop
 
# Backup and purge old backups
rdiff-backup --remove-older-than 30B backup@server::$BACKUP_DIR/$HOST
rdiff-backup -v 3 --print-statistics --include $FILES --exclude '**' / backup@server::$BACKUP_DIR/$HOST
 
# Start JBoss
/etc/init.d/jboss start
echo -e "\n### END: $(date +"%x %X") ###"
 
# Status
echo "=================================";
rdiff-backup --list-increment-sizes backup@server::$BACKUP_DIR/$HOST
echo "=================================";

Local backup to USB disk with rdiff-backup

USB disk mount point can be defined in /etc/fstab as:

 /dev/sdb1       /mnt/backup     ext4    defaults        0       0
#!/bin/bash
#
## BEGIN CONFIG ##
HOST=$(uname -n)
MYSQL_PASS=""
OPENKM_DB="okmdb"
OPENKM_HOME="/home/openkm"
TOMCAT_HOME="$OPENKM_HOME/tomcat-7.0.27"
DATABASE_EXP="$OPENKM_HOME/db"
BACKUP_DIR="/mnt/backup"
## END CONFIG ##
 
if [ $(id -u) != 0 ]; then echo "You should run this script as root"; exit; fi
 
echo -e "### BEGIN: $(date +"%x %X") ###\n"
rm -rf $DATABASE_EXP
mkdir -p $DATABASE_EXP
 
# Mount disk
if mount | grep "$BACKUP_DIR type" > /dev/null; then
  echo "$BACKUP_DIR already mounted";
else
  mount "$BACKUP_DIR";
fi
 
# Stop Tomcat
/etc/init.d/tomcat stop
 
# Clean logs
#echo "Clean Tomcat temporal files."
#rm -rf $TOMCAT_HOME/logs/*
#rm -rf $TOMCAT_HOME/temp/*
#rm -rf $TOMCAT_HOME/work/Catalina/localhost
 
# Backup de MySQL
if [ -n "$MYSQL_PASS" ]; then
  echo "* Backuping MySQL data from $OPENKM_DB..."
  mysqldump -h localhost -u root -p$MYSQL_PASS $OPENKM_DB > $DATABASE_EXP/mysql_$OPENKM_DB.sql
  echo "-------------------------------------";
fi
 
# Backup and purge old backups
rdiff-backup --remove-older-than 30B $BACKUP_DIR/$HOST
rdiff-backup -v 3 --print-statistics --include $OPENKM_HOME --exclude '**' / $BACKUP_DIR/$HOST
 
# Start Tomcat
/etc/init.d/tomcat start
echo -e "\n### END: $(date +"%x %X") ###"
 
# Status
echo "=================================";
rdiff-backup --list-increment-sizes $BACKUP_DIR/$HOST
echo "*********************************";
df -h | grep "$BACKUP_DIR"
echo "=================================";
 
# Umount disk
sync
umount "$BACKUP_DIR"

Remote backup to SMB or CIFS with rdiff-backup

If you are runing Ubuntu, install cifs-utils package.

#!/bin/bash
#
## BEGIN CONFIG ##
HOST=$(uname -n)
MYSQL_PASS=""
OPENKM_DB="okmdb"
OPENKM_HOME="/home/openkm"
TOMCAT_HOME="$OPENKM_HOME/tomcat-7.0.27"
DATABASE_EXP="$OPENKM_HOME/db"
BACKUP_DIR="/mnt/backup"
## END CONFIG ##
 
if [ $(id -u) != 0 ]; then echo "You should run this script as root"; exit; fi
 
echo -e "### BEGIN: $(date +"%x %X") ###\n"
rm -rf $DATABASE_EXP
mkdir -p $DATABASE_EXP
 
# Mount disk
if mount | grep "$BACKUP_DIR type" > /dev/null; then
  echo "$BACKUP_DIR already mounted";
else
  echo "Mounting $BACKUP_DIR ...";
  mount -t cifs //REMOTE_SERVER/REMOTE_DIR $BACKUP_DIR -o username=REMOTE_USER,password=REMOTE_PASSWORD,iocharset=utf8,file_mode=0777,dir_mode=0777
fi
 
# Stop Tomcat
/etc/init.d/tomcat stop
 
# Clean logs
#echo "Clean Tomcat temporal files."
#rm -rf $TOMCAT_HOME/logs/*
#rm -rf $TOMCAT_HOME/temp/*
#rm -rf $TOMCAT_HOME/work/Catalina/localhost
 
# Backup de MySQL
if [ -n "$MYSQL_PASS" ]; then
  echo "* Backuping MySQL data from $OPENKM_DB..."
  mysqldump -h localhost -u root -p$MYSQL_PASS $OPENKM_DB > $DATABASE_EXP/mysql_$OPENKM_DB.sql
  echo "-------------------------------------";
fi
 
# Backup and purge old backups
rdiff-backup --remove-older-than 30B $BACKUP_DIR/$HOST
rdiff-backup -v 3 --print-statistics --include $OPENKM_HOME --exclude '**' / $BACKUP_DIR/$HOST
 
# Start Tomcat
/etc/init.d/tomcat start
echo -e "\n### END: $(date +"%x %X") ###"
 
# Status
echo "=================================";
rdiff-backup --list-increment-sizes $BACKUP_DIR/$HOST
echo "*********************************";
df -h | grep "$BACKUP_DIR"
echo "=================================";
 
# Umount disk
sync
umount "$BACKUP_DIR"

Remote backup with rdiff-backup (JBoss)

#!/bin/bash
#
# @weekly /root/backup.sh
#
## BEGIN CONFIG ##
HOST=$(uname -n)
MYSQL_PASS=""
OPENKM_DB="okmdb"
OPENKM_HOME="/home/openkm"
TOMCAT_HOME="$OPENKM_HOME/tomcat-7.0.27"
DATABASE_EXP="$OPENKM_HOME/db"
BACKUP_DST="user@server::/path/to/backup/$HOST"
## END CONFIG ##
 
echo -e "### BEGIN: $(date +"%x %X") ###\n"
rm -rf $DATABASE_EXP
mkdir -p $DATABASE_EXP
 
# Stop JBoss
/etc/init.d/jboss stop
 
# Clean logs
echo "Clean JBoss temporal files."
# rm -rf $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/log
rm -rf $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/tmp
rm -rf $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/work
rm -rf $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/data/wsdl
 
# Backup de MySQL
if [ -n "$MYSQL_PASS" ]; then
  echo "* Backuping MySQL data from $OPENKM_DB..."
  mysqldump -h localhost -u root -p$MYSQL_PASS $OPENKM_DB > $DATABASE_EXP/mysql_$OPENKM_DB.sql
  echo "-------------------------------------";
fi
 
# Backup and purge old backups
rdiff-backup --remove-older-than 30B $BACKUP_DST
rdiff-backup -v 3 --print-statistics --include $OPENKM_HOME --exclude '**' / $BACKUP_DST
 
# Start JBoss
/etc/init.d/jboss start
echo -e "\n### END: $(date +"%x %X") ###"
 
# Status
echo "=================================";
rdiff-backup --list-increment-sizes $BACKUP_DST
echo "=================================";

Remote backup with rdiff-backup (Tomcat - MySQL)

#!/bin/bash
#
# @weekly /root/backup.sh
#
## BEGIN CONFIG ##
HOST=$(uname -n)
MYSQL_PASS=""
OPENKM_DB="okmdb"
OPENKM_HOME="/home/openkm"
TOMCAT_HOME="$OPENKM_HOME/tomcat-7.0.27"
DATABASE_EXP="$OPENKM_HOME/db"
BACKUP_DST="user@server::/path/to/backup/$HOST"
## END CONFIG ##
 
echo -e "### BEGIN: $(date +"%x %X") ###\n"
rm -rf $DATABASE_EXP
mkdir -p $DATABASE_EXP
 
# Stop Tomcat
/etc/init.d/tomcat stop
 
# Clean logs
#echo "Clean Tomcat temporal files."
#rm -rf $TOMCAT_HOME/logs/*
#rm -rf $TOMCAT_HOME/temp/*
#rm -rf $TOMCAT_HOME/work/Catalina/localhost
 
# Backup de MySQL
if [ -n "$MYSQL_PASS" ]; then
  echo "* Backuping MySQL data from $OPENKM_DB..."
  mysqldump -h localhost -u root -p$MYSQL_PASS $OPENKM_DB > $DATABASE_EXP/mysql_$OPENKM_DB.sql
  echo "-------------------------------------";
fi
 
# Backup and purge old backups
rdiff-backup --remove-older-than 30B $BACKUP_DST
rdiff-backup -v 3 --print-statistics --include $OPENKM_HOME --exclude '**' / $BACKUP_DST
 
# Start Tomcat
/etc/init.d/tomcat start
echo -e "\n### END: $(date +"%x %X") ###"
 
# Status
echo "=================================";
rdiff-backup --list-increment-sizes $BACKUP_DST
echo "=================================";

Remote backup with rdiff-backup (Tomcat - PostgreSQL)

#!/bin/bash
#
# @weekly /root/backup.sh
#
## BEGIN CONFIG ##
HOST=$(uname -n)
OPENKM_DB="okmdb"
OPENKM_HOME="/home/openkm"
TOMCAT_HOME="$OPENKM_HOME/tomcat-7.0.27"
DATABASE_EXP="$OPENKM_HOME/db"
BACKUP_DST="user@server::/path/to/backup/$HOST"
## END CONFIG ##
 
echo -e "### BEGIN: $(date +"%x %X") ###\n"
rm -rf $DATABASE_EXP
mkdir -p $DATABASE_EXP
 
# Stop Tomcat
/etc/init.d/tomcat stop
 
# Clean logs
#echo "Clean Tomcat temporal files."
#rm -rf $TOMCAT_HOME/logs/*
#rm -rf $TOMCAT_HOME/temp/*
#rm -rf $TOMCAT_HOME/work/Catalina/localhost
 
# Backup de PostgreSQL
echo "* Backuping PostgreSQL data from $OPENKM_DB..."
su postgres -c "pg_dump $OPENKM_DB" > $DATABASE_EXP/pg_$OPENKM_DB.sql
 
# Databases optimizations
su postgres -c "vacuumdb -a -z" > /dev/null
su postgres -c "reindexdb -a -q" 2> /dev/null
 
echo "-------------------------------------"
 
# Backup and purge old backups
rdiff-backup --remove-older-than 30B $BACKUP_DST
rdiff-backup -v 3 --print-statistics --include $OPENKM_HOME --exclude '**' / $BACKUP_DST
 
# Start Tomcat
/etc/init.d/tomcat start
echo -e "\n### END: $(date +"%x %X") ###"
 
# Status
echo "=================================";
rdiff-backup --list-increment-sizes $BACKUP_DST
echo "=================================";