Configure JBoss service

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These instructions are related to installing and running JBoss 4.2.3 as a service, which means that will be launched at system boot and will be closed properly on system shutdown.

Running as a Linux Service

For security reasons you shouldn't run JBoss as root. It is better to create a user named openkm and run JBoss from him:

$ sudo adduser openkm

Create a file with the script:

$ sudo vim /etc/init.d/jboss

# Provides:          jboss
# Required-Start:    $remote_fs $syslog
# Required-Stop:     $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start and stop JBoss AS
# Description:       Enable JBoss AS service provided by daemon.
start() {
    $ECHO -n "Starting JBoss"
    su - $JBOSS_USER -c "$JBOSS_START_SCRIPT -b $JBOSS_IP > /dev/null &"
    $ECHO "."
stop() {
    $ECHO -n "Stopping JBoss"
    su - $JBOSS_USER -c "$JBOSS_STOP_SCRIPT -s $JBOSS_IP > /dev/null &"
    while [ "$(ps -fu $JBOSS_USER | grep java | grep jboss | wc -l)" -gt "0" ]; do
        sleep 5; $ECHO -n "."
    $ECHO "."
case "$1" in
        sleep 30
        $ECHO "Usage: jboss {start|stop|restart}"
        exit 1
exit 0

And make it executable:

$ sudo chmod 755 /etc/init.d/jboss

Now update the run-levels:

$ sudo update-rc.d jboss defaults
 Adding system startup for /etc/init.d/jboss ...
   /etc/rc0.d/K20jboss -> ../init.d/jboss
   /etc/rc1.d/K20jboss -> ../init.d/jboss
   /etc/rc6.d/K20jboss -> ../init.d/jboss
   /etc/rc2.d/S20jboss -> ../init.d/jboss
   /etc/rc3.d/S20jboss -> ../init.d/jboss
   /etc/rc4.d/S20jboss -> ../init.d/jboss
   /etc/rc5.d/S20jboss -> ../init.d/jboss

start jboss service:

$ sudo service jboss start

stop jboss service:

$ sudo service jboss stop

Nota clasica.png If you are a Red Hat user use:
 $ chkconfig --add jboss
Take a look at update-rc.d like command on Redhat Enterprise / CentOS Linux.

It's also a good idea to configure JBoss memory utilization. Edit the file $JBOSS_HOME/bin/ and add a new parameter JAVA_OPTS where you can increase the system memory managed by the JVM (Java Virtual Machine):

DIRNAME=`dirname $0`
PROGNAME=`basename $0`
JAVA_OPTS="-Xmx1744m -XX:MaxPermSize=256m"

This example is for a system with 2 GB of RAM.

For more info, read

Configure on Redhat / CentOS

Copy the located into $JBOSS_HOME/bin to /etc/init.d/jboss

$ cp bin/ /etc/init.d/jboss 

Make jboss script executable

$ chmod +x /etc/init.d/jboss 

Modify default jboss script ( add or modify some lines )

# chkconfig: - 64 36
# description: Jboss Start|Restart|Stop Application Server
# pidfile: /var/run/


#define the user under which jboss will run, or use 'RUNASIS' to run as the current user
#make sure java is in your path
#configuration to use, usually one of 'minimal', 'default', 'all'
#if JBOSS_HOST specified, use -b to bind jboss services to that address

Add jboss script as service

$ chkconfig --add jboss

If you see an error message like service jboss does not support chkconfig, edit /etc/init.d/jboss file and add the following lines right after "#!/bin/sh":

# chkconfig: 345 90 10
# description: Runs the JBoss Application Server
# processname: jboss 

Change service level

$ chkconfig jboss --level 3 on

Run or stop jboss service

$ service jboss start
$ service jboss stop

Running as a Windows Service

You can install JBoss as a service on the Windows platform in several ways:

First method

JBoss recomended is using jboss native windows. Take a look here and Download jboss native in concordance with your architecture - 32 bit or 64 bit. ( jboss native ).

  • Uncompress files into your %JBOSS_HOME%
  • If you want, you can edit the service name by editing the file %JBOSS_HOME%\bin\service.bat
set SVCDISP=JBoss Application Server 5.0
set SVCDESC=JBoss Application Server 5.0.0 GA/Platform: Windows x86
  • Then open a command promt window, cd to the %JBOSS_HOME%\bin\ folder and execute
service.bat install
  • Now in your service control panel, JBoss is installed as a service. We tested it on several Windows versions and it runs well.

Nota advertencia.png If you're executing service.bat on Windows Vista / Windows 7 you may get an Access Denied error. The command prompt works slightly differently in Vista. By default when you run cmd.exe, it does not give administrator rights. To get around it, create a shortcut to cmd.exe on the desktop, open Properties, Compatibility tab and check the box for Administrator rights. Or simply execute the shortcut as administrator ( popup menu with right click ). Then you can execute service.bat install.

Nota clasica.png Other windows service installation methods explained below haven't been tested directly by us.

Second method

  • Download from
  • Extract to C:\JavaService-2.0.10
  • copy InstallJBoss.bat,UninstallJBoss.bat, JavaService.exe (JavaService.exe must be renames as JBossService.exe ) to jboss bin directory. In our case C:\jboss-4.2.3.GA\
  • Make sure JBOSS_HOME and JAVA_HOME are set. In our case: C:\jboss-4.2.3.GA and D:\jdk1.6.0 respectively
  • Create a batch file install.bat in %JBOSS_HOME%/bin directory. Its contents should be as follows:
Rem Start Here

set JAVA_HOME=d:/jdk1.6.0
set javadll=%JAVA_HOME%\jre\bin\client\jvm.dll
set javatool=%JAVA_HOME%\lib\tools.jar
set javarun=%JBOSS_HOME%\bin\run.jar
set outlog=%JBOSS_HOME%\bin\stdout.log
set errlog=%JBOSS_HOME%\bin\stderr.log

JBossService.exe -install JBoss "%javadll%" -Djava.class.path="%javatool%";"%javarun%" -Xms1024M -Xmx1024M -XX:PermSize=64m -XX:MaxPermSize=128m -start org.jboss.Main -params -b -stop org.jboss.Main -method systemExit -out "%outlog%" -err "%errlog%" -current "%JBOSS_HOME%\bin" -manual

Rem End Here
  • Make sure to set word wrap off in the file and do not forget the quotes. This will allow the Program

Files path to work correctly. You can change the location of stderr.log and stdout.log to another path if you prefer.

  • Start a command prompt window and cd to %JBOSS_HOME%\bin. Run install.bat by typing install. This will install JBoss as a service.

To start the service type:

net start JBoss.
  • JBoss should now be running as a service.
  • To uninstall the JBoss service:
javaservice -uninstall jboss

Third method

Start a command prompt window. To start the service, type:

set JAVA_HOME=d:/jdk1.6.0
set JBOSS_HOME=C:/jboss-4.2.3.GA/
installJboss MSSQLSERVER -auto

MSSQLSERVER is a service that must be running before JBoss starts.

Fourth method

Is using Microsoft Resource KIT, you can get more information here:

Microsoft resource kit are several programs that cover specific functionalities not present by default in Windows OS (really it could be a good question why it doesn't come by default - other Microsoft policy? The thing is that in these utilities is present a service registration utility).

Mac OS X Server

Create a file called jboss.plist with values ( some paths, adminserver user name could be different ) save into /Users/adminuser/Library/LaunchAgents

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple Computer//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN"
<plist version="1.0">





Change the user owner to root and privilegees to 644

$ sudo chown root jboss.plist
$ sudo chmod 644 jboss.plist

Register as service

$ launchctl load <path-to-file>/jboss.plist

Start service

$ launchctl start openkm

Stop service

$ launchctl stop openkm

More information at Running JBoss As A Mac OS X Service.

FreeBSD 9.0

Create file /usr/local/etc/rc.d/

# Openkm startup Script

# PROVIDE: Openkm
# KEYWORD: shutdown

. /etc/rc.subr



load_rc_config $name


export JAVA_HOME


echo "Starting OpenKM....."
rm -r /alldata/programs/jboss/server/default/work &
rm -r /alldata/programs/jboss/server/default/tmp &
/usr/local/lib/libreoffice/program/soffice "--accept=socket,host=localhost,port=2222;urp;StarOffice.ServiceManager" --nologo --headless --nofirststartwizard &
su -m nobody -c /alldata/programs/jboss/bin/ -b & > /dev/null



echo "Stopping OpenKM....."
/alldata/programs/jboss/bin/ -S
killall -9 soffice.bin &

run_rc_command "$1"

Add the following to /etc/rc.conf


Add the following to /etc/rc.conf


JBoss with SSL

We encourage using apache proxy to port 80 or 443 and not expose directly jboss ports. There could be some security bugs if the jboss ports are exposed. For those people who decide to expose jboss ports, there's a problem with IE and https / SSL jboss configuration. To solve it:

Edit the file $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/deploy/jboss-web.deployer/server.xml and uncomment

<Connector port="8443" protocol="HTTP/1.1" SSLEnabled="true"
               maxThreads="150" scheme="https" secure="true"
               clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />

You need to generate some keystorePass.